According to traditional Islamic beliefs, the Quran was revealed to Muhammad, starting one night during the month of Ramadan in 610 AD, when he, at the age of forty, received the first revelation from the angel Gabriel, who had given him the responsibility for inscribing these messages from God to give to mankind.
According to Bukhari, Muhammad's wife Aisha described that the first Quranic revelation occurred when angel Gabriel visited Muhammad and asked him to recite.
S_005 - Hak [Church of el 'Adhra - exterior of tambour on W side showing niches divided from one another by pairs of dwarf column s supporting small moulded arches.
There are 114 Surahs in the Qur'an, each divided into verses.
As the great historian of the Middle East Bernard Lewis has put it, “The term ‘Orientalist,’ abandoned by its practitioners as obsolete and inaccurate, was scavenged by Said …
Suras (chapters) are recited during the standing portions (Qiyam) of Muslim prayers.The chapters or suras are of unequal length, the shortest chapter (Al-Kawthar) has only three ayat (verses) while the longest (Al-Baqara) contains 286 verses.Of the 114 chapters in the Qur'an, 87 are classified as Meccan, while 27 are Medinan.In 622 God gave them the command to migrate from Mecca to the city of Medina, some 260 miles to the north, which marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar.Shortly before Muhammad died, at the age of 63, the majority of the Arabian Peninsula had become Muslim.